Camellias are evergreen shrubs native to south and eastern Asia. The most economically important species of camellia is Camellia sinensis, the tea plant. Dried leaves of this camelia are very familiar because of their use to brew tea.
Two other species of camelia are common ornamental bushes in warmer regions of the United States. Camellia japonica produces large showy flowers and typically blooms in winter. Camellia sasanqua is similar, blooming with slightly smaller flowers in the fall and winter. In Japan leaves from the sasanqua camellia are used to brew tea, while its seeds are used to make tea seed oil.
In Louisiana this is the time of year that Sasanqua Camellias are in full flower. The pictures below show three sasanqua camellia bushes that are currently blooming in our yard.